self-organization


self-organization
 Self-Organization
 Самоорганизация
  Процесс самопроизвольного (не требующего внешних организующих воздействий) образования упорядоченных пространственных или временных структур в сильно неравновесных открытых системах (физических, химических, биологических и др.). Непрерывные потоки энергии или вещества, поступающие в систему, поддерживают ее в состоянии, далеком от равновесия. При таких условиях в системе развиваются собственные (внутренние) неустойчивости (области неустойчивого поведения), развитием которых является самоорганизация. Классический пример физически открытой системы с пространственной самоорганизацией - плоский горизонтальный слой вязкой жидкости, подогреваемый снизу. При относительно малых вертикальных градиентах температуры в жидкости имеет место режим бесконвективной теплопроводности. Когда градиент температуры превысит некоторую критическую величину, в жидкости возникает конвекция. При малых превышениях градиента температуры над критическим значением конвективные потоки вещества приобретают упорядоченность: при наблюдении сверху они имеют вид валиков или шестиугольных ячеек (ячейки Бенара).

Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.. . 2009.

Смотреть что такое "self-organization" в других словарях:

  • Self-organization — is a process of attraction and repulsion in which the internal organization of a system, normally an open system, increases in complexity without being guided or managed by an outside source. Self organizing systems typically (though not always)… …   Wikipedia

  • self-organization — noun organizing yourself (especially organizing your own labor union) • Syn: ↑self organisation • Hypernyms: ↑organization, ↑organisation * * * | ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷(ˌ) ̷ ̷| ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ noun : organization of oneself; spe …   Useful english dictionary

  • self-organization — noun Date: 1898 1. organization of oneself or itself 2. the act or process of forming or joining an organization (as a labor union) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • self-organization — noun A process of attraction and repulsion in which the internal organization of a system, normally an open system, increases in complexity without being guided or managed by an outside source …   Wiktionary

  • Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization — The Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self organisation in Göttingen, Germany, is a research institute for investigations of complex non equilibrium systems, particularly in physics and biology. Its founding history goes back to Ludwig… …   Wikipedia

  • Patterns of self-organization in ants — Bifurcation instant transition of whole system to a new stable pattern when a threshold is reached. Also known as multi stability in which many stable states are possible.Examples of pattern types – # Transition between disordered and ordered… …   Wikipedia

  • Self-assembly — is a term used to describe processes in which a disordered system of pre existing components forms an organized structure or pattern as a consequence of specific, local interactions among the components themselves, without external direction.Self …   Wikipedia

  • Organization (disambiguation) — Organization or organisation[1] is a formal group of people with one or more shared goals. It can be a Non profit organization. Organization or organisation may also refer to: Organizing, the act of rearranging elements following one or more… …   Wikipedia

  • Self-propelled particles — SPP models predict robust emergent behaviours occur in swarms independent of the type of animal that is in the swarm. Self propelled particles (SPP), also referred to as self driven particles or as the Couzin–Vicsek algorithm,[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • Self-organized criticality — In physics, self organized criticality (SOC) is a property of (classes of) dynamical systems which have a critical point as an attractor. Their macroscopic behaviour thus displays the spatial and/or temporal scale invariance characteristic of the …   Wikipedia

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