messenger molecule


messenger molecule
 Messenger Molecule
 Молекула-мессенджер
  Химически опознаваемая молекула, переносящая информацию. Эта информация может быть декодирована соответствующим химическим "сенсором".

Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.. . 2009.

Смотреть что такое "messenger molecule" в других словарях:

  • messenger molecule — a molecule that carries a messenger from one cell to another, usually itself not binding to the receptor site …   Medical dictionary

  • Messenger RNA — The life cycle of an mRNA in a eukaryotic cell. RNA is transcribed in the nucleus; processed, it is transported to the cytoplasm and translated by the ribosome. At the end of its life, the mRNA is degraded. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a molecule of… …   Wikipedia

  • Messenger — Courier, or messenger, is a person or thing that carries a message. Messenger or Messengers may also refer to: Contents 1 Biology and chemistry 2 Films and television …   Wikipedia

  • messenger — 1. That which carries a message. 2. Having message carrying properties. first m. a hormone that binds to a receptor on the surface cell and, in so doing, communicates with intracellular metabolic processes. second m. an intermediary molecule that …   Medical dictionary

  • messenger RNA — (= mRNA) Single stranded RNA molecule that specifies the amino acid sequence of one or more polypeptide chains. This information is translated during protein synthesis when ribosomes bind to the mRNA. In prokaryotes, mRNA is the primary… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • messenger RNA — Genetics. a single stranded molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nucleus from a DNA template and then enters the cytoplasm, where its genetic code specifies the amino acid sequence for protein synthesis. Abbr.: mRNA [1960 65] * * * …   Universalium

  • messenger RNA — n. biochem. gen a molecule of RNA that is synthesized in the nucleus from a DNA template and then enters the cytoplasm, where its genetic code specifies the amino acid sequence for protein synthesis Abbr.: mRNA • Etymology: 1960–65 …   From formal English to slang

  • Second messenger system — In cell physiology, a secondary messenger system (also known as a second messenger system) is a method of cellular signaling, whereby a diffusable signaling molecule is rapidly generated/released which can then go on to activate effector proteins …   Wikipedia

  • second messenger — n an intracellular substance (as cyclic AMP) that mediates cell activity by relaying a signal from an extracellular molecule (as of a hormone or neurotransmitter) bound to the cell s surface compare FIRST MESSENGER * * * an organic molecule that… …   Medical dictionary

  • second messenger — Biochem. any of various intracellular chemical substances, as cyclic AMP, that transmit and amplify the messages delivered by a first messenger to specific receptors on the cell surface. Cf. first messenger. [1960 65] * * * ▪ biology  molecule… …   Universalium